A retrospective study of 10 patients who were diagnosed with locally advanced carcinoma (4 [40%] at stage T3, 5 [50%] at T4a, and 1 [10%] at T4b) from August 2016 to July 2018, with tumor blood flow from both the maxillary and facial arteries, was conducted. Patients underwent intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy, which involved chemotherapy with weekly cisplatin administration (40 mg/m) and radiotherapy (70 Gy/35 fr), with facial artery ligation. The success rate of blood flow modification, as well as its therapeutic effects and safety, were evaluated, with a median follow-up period of 14.4 months (range: 12.3-35 months).
The blood flow surrounding the tumor was changed from both the maxillary and facial arteries to the maxillary artery alone in all patients. A median of 9 chemotherapy courses (range: 8-10) were administered; the median total cisplatin dose was 350 mg/m (range: 320-360 mg/m). Radiotherapy of 70 Gy/35 fr was used to treat all patients. Grade 3 oral mucositis (80%) and irradiation field dermatitis (40%) were observed. In all patients, complete response was achieved, and local recurrence was not observed for at least 1 year.
Simplifying the blood flow around the tumor facilitates more standardized intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy via a superficial temporal artery procedure.
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