The incidence of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is approximately 1:2000 in the western population, while it is much lower in the Chinese population. It is difficult to make a definite diagnosis due to the variable genotypic features and the lack of well-documented evidence for HS patients. Gene sequence examination is helpful for clear diagnosis.
We presented the case of a 29-year-old male HS patient with skin yellowness, anorexia, and cholecystolithiasis as the first manifestations. Laboratory examination of the patient and his parents showed a mild reduction in hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, increased reticulocytes, and promotion of indirect bilirubin in the patient and his father. Furthermore, small globular red blood cells with increased osmotic fragility were observed. In particular, the eosin-5′-maleimide binding test provided the strong evidence that band 3 protein was deleted in the erythrocyte membrane. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing further demonstrated a heterozygous nonsense variant (exon16, c.G1985A: p.W662X) in SLC4A1, inherited from his father. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with HS, and then was effectively treated. After splenectomy, the anemia was relieved without any obvious unpleasant side effects.
We report an extremely rare case of HS in China that presented with hereditary hemolytic anemia with band 3 deletion resulting from a novel variant of SLC4A1, and systematically review a large number of related literatures. This study, therefore, significantly contributes to the literature on HS.

© 2022. The Author(s).