Tezacaftor (TEZ)/ivacaftor (IVA) is an approved CFTR modulator shown to be efficacious and generally safe and well tolerated in people ≥12 years of age with cystic fibrosis (CF) homozygous for the F508del-CFTR mutation or heterozygous for the F508del-CFTR mutation and a residual function mutation. Although previous studies with IVA alone showed clinical benefits in people with CFTR gating mutations, TEZ/IVA has not yet been evaluated in a Phase 3 study of participants heterozygous for F508del-CFTR and a gating mutation (F/gating genotypes). Here, we present results from a randomized, double-blind, IVA-controlled, parallel-group, Phase 3 study assessing the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of TEZ/IVA in participants ≥12 years of age with F/gating genotypes.
Enrolled participants entered a 4-week IVA run-in period to create a stable IVA baseline. Participants were then randomized to receive IVA or TEZ/IVA for 8 weeks in an active comparator treatment period (ACTP). The primary endpoint was absolute change in percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (ppFEV). Key secondary endpoints were relative change in ppFEV and absolute change in CF Questionnaire-Revised respiratory domain score. Secondary endpoints included absolute change in sweat chloride (SwCl) concentration, PK parameters, and safety. All endpoints except PK parameters and safety were assessed from baseline through Week 8.
Sixty-nine participants (92.0%) in the IVA group and 75 participants (98.7%) in the TEZ/IVA group completed treatment. No improvements were seen in efficacy endpoints from baseline at the end of the IVA run-in period through the end of the ACTP in the IVA group. No significant differences in ppFEV or any key secondary endpoint were observed between the IVA and TEZ/IVA groups. SwCl concentrations decreased more in the TEZ/IVA versus IVA group during the ACTP. The safety profile and PK parameters of TEZ/IVA were consistent with those of previous studies in participants ≥12 years of age with CF.
This Phase 3 study showed that the dual-combination regimen of TEZ/IVA demonstrated clinical efficacy but did not have significantly greater clinical efficacy than IVA alone in participants ≥12 years of age with F/gating genotypes. However, as reported in other studies, TEZ/IVA was generally safe and well tolerated (NCT02412111).

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