Metastatic uveal melanoma is a highly aggressive disease with no standard of care treatment option. A large proportion of patients have liver-only metastatic disease which raises the question if liver-directed therapy can be efficacious in this subpopulation.
The study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiosensitizing chemotherapy in combination with yttrium-90 microspheres in patients with uveal melanoma with liver-only metastases.
This single arm, open labeled, non-randomized study enrolled 10 patients with liver-only metastatic uveal melanoma between November 2012 and January 2018. Eligible patients received intrahepatic yttrium-90 microspheres followed by intravenous cisplatin (20 mg/m) for 5 days. Ten patients were enrolled, but nine patients received treatment who were included in the final analysis with a median follow-up of 30 months (range 7 to 44). Five (50%) were female, five (50%) had an elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and one (10%) had prior anti-PD-1 therapy. The combination was well tolerated with no greater than or equal to grade 3 toxicity observed. The liver objective response rate (ORR) was 33% (3/9), the median progression-free survival (PFS) in the liver was 3 months (95% CI, 3-NA), and the extrahepatic PFS was 3 months (95% CI, 3-NA). Seventy-eight percent (7/9) received an immune checkpoint inhibitor on disease progression, with no responses seen. The median overall survival (OS) was 10 months (95% CI, 7-NA).
The combination of cisplatin with yttrium-90 microspheres was well tolerated; however, it was associated with intrahepatic disease control of relatively short duration. No responses were seen in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors post radioembolization.
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.