Cytokine 2016 11 1690() 96-99 pii 10.1016/j.cyto.2016.10.018
An imbalance between IL-18 and its antagonist, IL-18 Binding Protein, occurs in the circulation of HIV-infected individuals. We show here for the first time that HIV-infected Long Term Non-Progressors (LTNPs) do not develop this imbalance, and maintain normal levels of IL-18BP in the circulation. Their circulating levels of the antagonist correlate negatively with viral loads and show a positive trend with CD4+ T cells counts. The maintenance of normal production of IL-18BP may contribute, at least in part, to the ability of LTNPs to delay AIDS progression.