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A Review of the Impacts of Different Approaches for Diabetes Prevention and a Framework for Making Investment Decisions.

A Review of the Impacts of Different Approaches for Diabetes Prevention and a Framework for Making Investment Decisions.
Author Information (click to view)

Alva ML,


Alva ML, (click to view)

Alva ML,

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International journal of environmental research and public health 2018 03 1515(3) pii E522
Abstract

This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions. This framework should also assist in the discussion of what parameters are needed from research to inform decision-making on what might be the optimal mix of strategies to reduce diabetes prevalence.

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