This study states that Open surgical repair (OSR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has often been reserved in contemporary practice for complex aneurysms requiring a suprarenal or supraceliac proximal clamp level. The present study investigated the associated 30-day outcomes of different proximal clamp levels in OSR of complex infrarenal/juxtarenal AAA in patients with normal renal function and those with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI).

All patients undergoing elective OSR of infrarenal and juxtarenal AAA were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program–targeted AAA database from 2012 to 2018. The patients were stratified into two cohorts (normal renal function [estimated glomerular filtration rate, ≥60 mL/min] and CRI [estimated glomerular filtration rate, <60 mL/min and no dialysis]) before further substratification into groups by the proximal clamp level (infrarenal, inter-renal, suprarenal, and supraceliac). The 30-day outcomes, including mortality, renal and pulmonary complications, and major adverse cardiovascular event rates, were compared within each renal function cohort between proximal clamp level groups using the infrarenal clamp group as the reference. Supraceliac clamping was also compared with suprarenal clamping.

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