Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a main cause of morbidity, hospitalization, and hospital readmission in kidney transplant recipients. We aimed to determine AKI incidence and risk factors following kidney transplant to assess outcomes such as renal function and graft loss after AKI.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study with hospitalized kidney transplant recipients during 2016 to 2017. Clinical data of 179 patients were reviewed. The primary outcome was AKI incidence and risk factors. To determine AKI occurrence, we based it on creatinine criteria from Acute Kidney Injury Network classification.
We documented a total of 179 hospital admissions; AKI was diagnosed in 104 patients (58.1%). Recipients with higher baseline serum creatinine (odds ratio, 2.6; confidence interval [CI], 1.5-4.5; P < .001) and hospital admission because of infections (odds ratio, 2.4; CI, 1.1-5.2; P = .020) were more likely to experience AKI. A total of 19 recipients (10.6%) had graft loss with a significant AKI association (P = .003) at 12 months after admission. Intensive care unit length of stay (P = .63) and hospital stay (P = .55) were not different in patients with AKI compared with the control group.
As a main clinical finding, we concluded that infections and higher serum creatinine baseline level were associated with the development of AKI.

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.