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Adolescent Linkage to Care After a Large-scale Transfer From a Hospital-based HIV Clinic to the Public Sector in South Africa.

Adolescent Linkage to Care After a Large-scale Transfer From a Hospital-based HIV Clinic to the Public Sector in South Africa.
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Ramirez-Avila L, Regan S, Cloete C, Crankshaw T, Rabideau DJ, Freedberg KA, Parker RA, Walensky RP, Losina E, Bassett IV,


Ramirez-Avila L, Regan S, Cloete C, Crankshaw T, Rabideau DJ, Freedberg KA, Parker RA, Walensky RP, Losina E, Bassett IV, (click to view)

Ramirez-Avila L, Regan S, Cloete C, Crankshaw T, Rabideau DJ, Freedberg KA, Parker RA, Walensky RP, Losina E, Bassett IV,

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The Pediatric infectious disease journal 36(3) 311-313 doi 10.1097/INF.0000000000001392

Abstract

HIV clinics formerly supported by the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief are transferring patients to public-sector clinics. We evaluated adolescent linkage to care after a large-scale transfer from a President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief-subsidized pediatric HIV clinic in Durban, South Africa. All adolescents (11-18 years) in care at a pediatric state-subsidized, hospital-based clinic (HBC) were transferred, from May to June 2012, to government sites [primary health care (PHC) clinic; community health center (CHC); and HBCs] or private clinics. Caregivers were surveyed 7-8 months after transfer to assess their adolescents’ linkage to care and their reports were validated by clinic record audits in a subset of randomly selected clinics. Of the 309 (91%) caregivers reached, only 5 (2%) reported that their adolescent did not link. Of the 304 adolescents who linked, 105 (35%) were referred to a PHC, 73 (24%) to a CHC and 106 (35%) to a HBC. A total of 146 (48%) linked adolescents attended a different clinic than that assigned. Thirty-five (20%) of the 178 who linked and were assigned to a PHC or CHC ultimately attended a HBC. Based on clinic validation, the estimated transfer success was 88% (95% confidence interval: 77%-97%). The large majority of adolescents successfully transferred to a new HIV clinic, although nearly half attended a clinic other than that assigned.

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