Airway dendritic cells (DCs) are recognized as important factors in the mechanisms of allergic inflammatory diseases. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is involved in regulating the functions of T cells and macrophages, but the roles of SOCS3-expressing DCs in the pathogeneses of allergic inflammatory diseases are still controversial. We compared the effects of adoptively transferred SOCS3 and SOCS3 bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) on airway inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized asthmatic mice. Adoptive transfer of mature DCs (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]-induced DCs, DClps) with or without SOCS3 gene expression significantly ameliorated allergic airway inflammation. SOCS3 DCs slightly attenuated BMDC-induced immunogenic tolerance. DClps migrated to OVA-sensitized lungs with higher efficiency than immature DCs (DCim). DClps with or without SOCS3 greatly improved lung pathology scores and alleviated airway inflammatory cell infiltration after adoptive transfer into mice; they also increased interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) production and inhibited signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 4 and STAT6 signaling in the lungs after OVA sensitization. In conclusion, the BMDC adoptive transfer-induced immunogenic tolerance in OVA-sensitized mice might not be due to SOCS3 gene depletion. BMDC adoptive transfer may be developed into a new approach that alleviates asthma by modulating the balance between immune tolerance and inflammation.
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