Chronic exposure to hyperglycemia is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Advanced glycation end products (AGES) result from multiple sugar-dependent reactions interacting with proteins and their receptors, generating endothelial dysfunction and CVD. However, there is little epidemiological data about its impact on CVD risk. We aimed to assess the association between circulating AGES and CVD risk in the Mexican population.
We used longitudinal data from waves 2004-2006 and 2010-2012 of 1195 participants from the Health Workers Cohort Study. Circulating AGES were assessed by radioimmunoassay, and cardiovascular risk (CVR) was computed with the Framingham risk score. Linear and logistic fixed-effects regression models were used to assess the interest association, adjusting for confounding factors. An increase in 200 μU/ml of AGES was associated with a 0.18% increased risk of CVD (95% CI 0.05-0.31%). After adjusting for physical activity and smoking status, individuals who increased their AGES category had higher odds of middle-high CVR (low to medium AGES: OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.11-3.20; low to high AGES: OR 2.61, 95% CI 1.51-4.50). The associations remained statistically significant when we further adjusted for insulin resistance, dietary intake of AGES, and total daily calorie intake.
Our data show that circulating AGES are associated with the Framingham CVD risk score, independently of other major risk factors for CVD in the Mexican population.

Copyright © 2023 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.