Alkannin displays tumor suppressive activity by initiating apoptosis. Here, we corroborated its role in pancreatic carcinoma (PANC-1) cells and addressed the molecular mechanism in which microRNA-199a (miR-199a) and Klotho might be implicated. PANC-1 and MIN6 cells were treated by alkannin and its role was evaluated in cellular viability. Next we assessed the ability of PANC-1 cells to proliferate, migrate, and invade as well as apoptosis process. Besides, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), CyclinD1, p53, and caspases were quantified using Western blot. miR-199a was detected by qRT-PCR. miR-199a-silenced or -replenished cells were established to study its function role in Klotho in conjunction with alkannin. Further, Klotho-overexpressed or -silenced cells were constructed to investigate the alteration of mTOR and MEK/ERK pathways. Alkannin repressed the viability of PANC-1 cells instead of MIN6 cells. Alkannin counteracted the growth of PANC-1 cells through inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion and facilitating apoptosis, which was evidenced by the modulation on PCNA, CyclinD1, p53, and cleavage of caspases. The silence of miR-199a by alkannin was also involved in the antitumor process. Alkannin enhanced Klotho expression possibly through silencing miR-199a. Besides, mTOR and MEK/ERK signaling were counteracted by Klotho overexpression while facilitated by its silence. Alkannin inhibited the growth of PANC-1 cells via modulating miR-199a-Klotho node. During this process, mTOR and MEK/ERK pathways were blunted.
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