Although harmful effects of air pollution on airway diseases are well-established, its effect on allergy still remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine changes on asthma clinic and oxidant homeostasis due to air pollution between allergic asthma (AA) and non-allergic asthma (NA) phenotypes. This prospective, case-control study included patients with well-controlled asthma under regular treatment ( = 57) and healthy individuals ( = 51). Of asthma patients, 22 had AA and 35 had NA phenotypes. Respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function tests, serum total antioxidant status (TAS) and total oxidant status (TOS), and thiol/disulfide levels were compared between the most (V) and least (V) air-polluted times. High air pollution exposure resulted to an increase in the frequency of respiratory symptoms and serum inflammation markers in both asthmatic and healthy individuals. Frequency of dyspnea and cough in AA and rhinitis in NA decreased from V to V. Hospitalization due to asthma exacerbation, systemic corticosteroid use, and eosinophil counts were more frequent in NA group than AA in V1. An increase of blood eosinophil counts was observed in AA group at the same visit. Mean TAS and TOS levels were higher in asthma group than control group, and the decline in TAS and TOS levels from V to V was seen only in NA. All thiols decreased and SH/total SH ratios significantly increased from V to V in all groups. This study demonstrates that air pollution affects both asthma patients and healthy individuals. Through oxidant-antioxidant and thiol pathways, however, it adversely affects respiratory system of asthma patients, at a greater extent, than healthy individuals.