Airway eosinophilia is a prominent feature of asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and the endothelium plays a key role in eosinophil trafficking. To date, microRNA-1 (miR-1) is the only microRNA known to be regulated in the lung endothelium in asthma models.
We sought to determine the role of endothelial miR-1 in allergic airway inflammation.
We measured microRNA and mRNA expression using quantitative RT-PCR. We used ovalbumin and house dust mite models of asthma. Endothelium-specific overexpression of miR-1 was achieved through lentiviral vector delivery or induction of a transgene. Tissue eosinophilia was quantified by using Congo red and anti-eosinophil peroxidase staining. We measured eosinophil binding with a Sykes-Moore adhesion chamber. Target recruitment to RNA-induced silencing complex was assessed by using anti-Argonaute2 RNA immunoprecipitation. Surface P-selectin levels were measured by using flow cytometry.
Serum miR-1 levels had inverse correlations with sputum eosinophilia, airway obstruction, and number of hospitalizations in asthmatic patients and sinonasal tissue eosinophilia in patients with CRS. IL-13 stimulation decreased miR-1 levels in human lung endothelium. Endothelium-specific overexpression of miR-1 reduced airway eosinophilia and asthma phenotypes in murine models and inhibited IL-13-induced eosinophil binding to endothelial cells. miR-1 recruited P-selectin, thymic stromal lymphopoietin, eotaxin-3, and thrombopoietin receptor to the RNA-induced silencing complex; downregulated these genes in the lung endothelium; and reduced surface P-selectin levels in IL-13-stimulated endothelial cells. In our asthma and CRS cohorts, miR-1 levels correlated inversely with its target genes.
Endothelial miR-1 regulates eosinophil trafficking in the setting of allergic airway inflammation. miR-1 has therapeutic potential in asthmatic patients and patients with CRS.

Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.