Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is the most common squamous cell carcinoma. Though significant effort has been focused on molecular pathogenesis, development, and recurrence of LSCC, little is known about its relationship with the immune-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) pairs.
After obtaining the transcriptome profiling data sets and the corresponding clinical characteristics of LSCC patients and normal samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, a series of bioinformatic analysis was conducted to select the differently expressed immune-related lncRNAs and build a signature of immune-related lncRNA pairs. Then, the effectiveness of the signature was validated.
A total of 111 LSCC patients and 12 normal samples’ transcriptome profiling data sets were retrieved from TCGA. 301 differently expressed immune-related lncRNAs were identified and 35,225 lncRNA pairs were established. After univariate Cox analysis, LASSO regression and multivariate Cox analysis, 7 lncRNA pairs were eventually selected to construct a signature. The riskscore was computed using the following formula: Riskscore = 0.95 × (AL133330.1|AC132872.3) + (-1.23)  × (LINC01094|LINC02154) + 0.65 × (LINC02575|AC122685.1) + (-1.15)  × (MIR9-3HG|LINC01748) + 1.45 × (AC092687.3|SNHG12) + (-0.87)  × (AC090204.1|AL158166.1) + 0.64 × (LINC01063|Z82243.1). Patients were classified into the high-risk group (> 1.366) and the low-risk group (< 1.366) according to the cutoff value (1.366), which is based on the 5-year riskscore ROC curve. The survival analysis showed that the low-risk group had a better prognosis (P < 0.001). The riskscore was better than other clinical characteristics in prognostic prediction and the area under the curves (AUCs) for the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survivals were 0.796, 0.946, and 0.895, respectively. Combining age, gender, grade, stage, and riskscore, a nomograph was developed to predict survival probability in LSCC patients. Then, the riskscore was confirmed to be related with the content of tumor-infiltration immune cells and the model could serve as a potential predictor for chemosensitivity.
We successfully established a more stable signature of 7 immune-related lncRNA pairs, which has demonstrated a better prognostic ability for LSCC patients and may assist clinicians to precisely prescribe chemo drugs.

© 2022. The Author(s).