Biotechnology and applied biochemistry 2017 02 08() doi 10.1002/bab.1557
Virion infectivity factor (Vif) is a 23 KDa protein which protects HIV-1 from deamination of its proviral DNA by APOBEC3G. The active form of Vif is a multimer that interacts simultaneously with CBF-beta, the Elongin B and C subunits, Cullin 5 and APOBEC3G to form a ubiquitin ligase complex targeting the latter for degradation. Vif clearly represents an attractive target for developing novel antiviral drugs for the therapy of HIV/AIDS, and this goal requires a source of well folded, readily available protein. For that purpose, we have cloned Vif in the pET28a expression vector, expressing the resulting His-tagged recombinant protein in the BL21(DE3) E. coli strain. After lysis, Vif was solubilized from the insoluble fraction with 6 M guanidinium chloride and purified by denaturing immobilized-metal affinity chromatography, refolding the protein afterwards by dialysis. The use of MES buffer at pH 6.2 and the presence of EDTA improved Vif refolding yields by reducing the formation of insoluble aggregates. The purified protein was bound by two monoclonal antibodies against sequential and conformational epitopes located at the C and N terminus, respectively. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.