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An Overview of Factors Associated with Adherence to Lifestyle Modification Programs for Weight Management in Adults.

An Overview of Factors Associated with Adherence to Lifestyle Modification Programs for Weight Management in Adults.
Author Information (click to view)

Leung AWY, Chan RSM, Sea MMM, Woo J,


Leung AWY, Chan RSM, Sea MMM, Woo J, (click to view)

Leung AWY, Chan RSM, Sea MMM, Woo J,

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International journal of environmental research and public health 2017 08 1614(8) pii E922
Abstract

This review aims to provide an overview of the factors associated with adherence reported in existing literature on lifestyle modification programs for weight management among the adult population. An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLE to identify studies that examined the factors of adherence to lifestyle modification programs with explicit definition of adherence indicators. We identified 19 studies published between 2004 and 2016. The most commonly used indicator of adherence was attrition, followed by attendance, self-monitoring and dietary adherence. A broad array of factors has been studied but only few studies exploring each factor. Limited evidence suggested older age, higher education, healthier eating and physical activity behaviours, higher stage of change at baseline and higher initial weight loss may predict better adherence. On the other hand, having depression, stress, strong body shape concern and full-time job may predict poor adherence. Inconsistent findings were obtained for self-efficacy, motivation, male gender and previous weight loss attempt. This review highlights the need for more rigorous studies to enhance our knowledge on factors related to adherence. Identification of the factors of adherence could provide important implication for program improvement, ultimately improving the effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of lifestyle modification program.

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