Journal of molecular recognition : JMR 2018 03 23() e2708 doi 10.1002/jmr.2708
The β-subunit of the human eukaryotic elongation factor 1 complex (heEF1β) plays a central role in the elongation step in eukaryotic protein biosynthesis, which essentially involves interaction with the α- and γ-subunits (eEF1γ). To biophysically characterize heEF1β, we constructed 3 Escherichia coli expression vector systems for recombinant expression of the full length (FL-heEF1β), N-terminus (NT-heEF1β), and the C-terminus (CT-heEF1β) regions of the protein. Our results suggest that heEF1β is predominantly alpha-helical and possesses an accessible hydrophobic cavity in the CT-heEF1β. Both FL-heEF1β and NT-heEF1β form dimers of size 62 and 30 kDa, respectively, but the CT-heEF1β is monomeric. FL-heEF1β interacts with the N-terminus glutathione transferase-like domain of heEF1γ (NT-heEF1γ) to form a 195-kDa complex or a 230-kDa complex in the presence of oxidized glutathione. On the other hand, NT-heEF1β forms a 170-kDa complex with NT-heEF1γ and a high molecular weight aggregate of size greater than 670 kDa. Surface plasmon resonance analysis confirmed that (by fitting the Langmuir 1:1 model) FL-heEF1β associated with monomeric or dimeric NT-heEF1γ at a rapid rate and slowly dissociated, suggesting strong functional affinity (K = 9.6 nM for monomeric or 11.3 nM for dimeric NT-heEF1γ). We postulate that the N-terminus region of heEF1β may be responsible for its dimerization and the C-terminus region of heEF1β modulates the formation of an ordered heEF1β-γ oligomer, a structure that may be essential in the elongation step of eukaryotic protein biosynthesis.