In recent decades, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has occupied a prominent position and has been studied in various fields of knowledge, and your effects have been widely observed in studies about numerous tissues, such as tendons, peripheral nerves, cutaneous tissue, bone, and muscle, in different fields of knowledge.
To analyze the power transmitted by low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to different tissue samples by using distinct wavelengths.
Skin samples of rat (n = 7, 1.17-1.63 mm) and pig (n = 10; 1.20-2.30 mm); pig fat (n = 10; 2.71-14.01 mm) and pig muscle (n = 10; 1.91-8.91 mm) were analyzed and interposed between the emitter and the power analyzer sensor. All the samples were irradiated sequentially three times, at five equidistant points and average power levels of 35.34(±1.03), 32.40(±0.70), and 42.32(±0.82) mW, for the wavelengths 660, 830, and 904 nm, respectively. Transmitted radiation was measured with a power analyzer connected to a laser emitter. Statistical analysis was performed with a Shapiro-Wilk test followed by ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc test, with a significance level of 5%.
The transmitted power of LLLT on skin, fat, and muscle of tissues decreases with the increase of thicknesses, presenting minor attenuation on rat skin, pig fat, and pig muscle for 904 nm. The pig skin has the slight attenuation for 830 nm.
The LLLT should be applied after considering the transmission loss taking place in different anatomical structures, following the Beer-Lambert law and attenuation coefficient presented for more practical application in many fields.
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