The aim of this study is to quantitatively investigate, at the preclinical level, the extent of Gd retention in the CNS, and peripheral organs, of immune-mediated murine models (Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis -EAE) of Multiple Sclerosis, compared to control animals, upon the injection of gadodiamide. The influence of the Gadolinium Based Contrast Agent administration timing during the course of EAE development is also monitored.
EAE mice were injected with three doses (1.2 mmol/kg each) of gadodiamide at three different time points during the EAE development and sacrificed after 21 or 39 days. Organs were collected and the amount of Gd was quantified through Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and MRI techniques were applied to add spatial and qualitative information to the obtained results.
In the spinal cord of EAE group, 21 days after gadodiamide administration, a significantly higher accumulation of Gd occurred. Conversely, in the encephalon, a lower amount of Gd retention was reached, even if differences emerged between EAE and controls mice. After 39 days, the amounts of retained Gd markedly decreased. TEM validated the presence of Gd in CNS. MRI of the encephalon at 7.1T did not highlight any hyper intense region.
In the spinal cord of EAE mice, which is the mostly damaged region in this specific animal model, a preferential but transient accumulation of Gd is observed. In the encephalon, the Gd retention could be mostly related to inflammation occurring upon immunization rather than to demyelination.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier GmbH.