Clinical biochemistry 2016 11 1250(4-5) 174-180 pii S0009-9120(16)30310-1
Point-of-care cardiac troponin testing with adequate analytical performances has the potential to improve chest pain patients flow in the emergency department. We present the analytical evaluation of the newly developed Philips Minicare cTnI point-of-care immunoassay.
DESIGN & METHODS
Li-heparin whole blood and plasma were used to perform analytical studies. The sample type comparison study was performed at 4 different hospitals. The 99th percentile upper reference limit (URL) study was performed using Li-heparin plasma, Li-heparin whole blood and capillary blood samples from 750 healthy adults, aging from 18 to 86years.
Limit of the blank, limit of detection and limit of quantitation at 20% coefficient of variation (CV) were determined to be 8.5ng/L, 18ng/L and 38ng/L respectively without significant differences between whole blood and plasma for LoQ. Cross-reactivity and interferences were minimal and no high-dose hook was observed. Total CV was found to be from 7.3% to 12% for cTnI concentrations between 109.6 and 6135.4ng/L. CV at the 99th percentile URL was 18.6%. The sample type comparison study between capillary blood, Li-heparin whole blood and Li-heparin plasma samples demonstrated correlation coefficients between 0.99 and 1.00 with slopes between 1.03 and 1.08. The method comparison between Minicare cTnI and Beckman Coulter Access, AccuTnI+3 demonstrated a correlation coefficient of 0.973 with a slope of 1.09. The 99th percentile URL of a healthy population was calculated to be 43ng/L with no significant difference between genders or sample types.
The Minicare cTnI assay is a sensitive and precise, clinical usable test for determination of cTnI concentration that can be used in a near-patient setting as an aid in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction.