This study states that Anemia has been identified as a risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality after major vascular procedures. Carotid revascularization carries less cardiac morbidity and physiologic stress compared with other vascular interventions. This study evaluated the association between preoperative anemia and major adverse events after carotid revascularization.

Patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) between January 2012 and June 2018 in the Vascular Quality Initiative database were identified. Anemia was defined as a preoperative hemoglobin level of <12 g/dL in women and <13 g/dL in men. Multivariable logistic analysis and 1:1 coarsened exact matching were used to study the association between preoperative anemia and in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as a composite of stroke, death, and myocardial infarction, and between anemia and 30-day mortality after CEA and CAS. Anemia is associated with increased odds of adverse events after CEA and CAS. It should be factored into the preoperative risk assessment of patients undergoing carotid revascularization. Prospective studies are needed to study the effectiveness of correcting low preoperative hemoglobin levels in these patients and the association between anemia and long-term outcomes after CEA and CAS.

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