This study aims to investigate the clinical signs, symptoms, complications and seasonal distribution of herpes zoster for otherwise healthy children and to demonstrate the outcome of varicella vaccinations on the herpes zoster incidence in a pediatric population.
A retrospective study was conducted by using the data of the pediatric patients who were referred to two rural cities of Turkey, clinically diagnosed as Herpes Zoster (HZ). All participants were evaluated for clinical-epidemiological factors, signs, symptoms, complications and varicella vaccination status for HZ.
This study was comprised of 69 pediatric patients (29 (42%) female and 40 (58%) male) who were diagnosed with HZ. The mean age was 10.57 (6 months-17) years old. The rash of HZ mostly appeared on the thoracic dermatome as seen in 29 patients. The findings revealed that among 56 unvaccinated patients of all, 25 (44.6%) had a painful rash, in comparison among vaccinated patients none reported pain as the characterization of shingles (p=0.001). Annual distribution of cases showed two peaks (March and September), whereas in August no cases were detected. Of all participants, one patient had postherpetic neuralgia, who also had ophthalmic dermatomal involvement, and this was the only complication observed in this study cohort.
In immunocompetent children, the most common involvement site was the thoracic dermatome. Our findings show that varicella vaccination has a protective role in the herpes zoster clinic, both by decreasing the prevalence and by making the infection course less severe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.