BMC musculoskeletal disorders 2018 02 0919(1) 45 doi 10.1186/s12891-018-1959-0
Quadriceps tendon-patellar bone (QTPB) autograft is an excellent graft option with good clinical outcome. Use of QTPB autografts have increased because they minimize donor-site morbidity including anterior knee pain, while providing adequate mechanical strength. Although, there were many clinical results about allografts that used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, it have never been reported about the clinical outcome of ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft and to compare with QTPB autograft. We hypothesized that ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft had good functional outcomes and stability and no significant difference compared to the ACL reconstruction with QTPB autograft.
From February 2009 to January 2014, 213 cases who received ACL reconstruction with QTPB grafts were included. Forty-five patients who received ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft were individually matched in age, sex, direction of the injured knee and body mass index (BMI) to a control group of 45 patients who received QTPB autograft. Clinical results were evaluated using International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, Tegner scale, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and ligament laxity. An average follow-up time was 31.2 months.
The functional scores and ligament laxity improved from initial to the last visit in those with ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft (p < 0.05). No significant statistical difference was found in clinical outcomes and complications including re-rupture between the QTPB allograft and autograft groups (p > 0.05). Laxity using anterior drawer test, Lachman test and KT-2000 showed no significant difference. No significant difference was found between the two groups in quadriceps peak extension torque, except at 60° per second at 6 months.
QTPB allograft achieved good clinical outcome with no difference compared with QTPB autograft. QTPB allograft for ACL reconstruction is promising alternative to selected and compliant patients. Long-term follow-up needs to further evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications including re-rupture rate.