To explore the effect of CXC chemokine CXCL10 in the mice with diabetic retinopathy (DR).
DR models were constructed on mice via injection of streptozotocin (STZ). At 3 weeks of STZ, mice were treated with anti-CXCL10 monoclonal antibodies (mAb)/control mAb, and a series of experiments were then conducted at 6 weeks of STZ, including HE staining, western blotting, retinal trypsin digestion, real-time qPCR and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The corresponding kits were used to detect the activity of oxidative stress markers.
Compared with nondiabetic eyes, DR mice both at 3 and 6 weeks presented the decreases in the total retinal thickness, the retinal outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness, and the cells of ganglion cell layer (GCL), with the upregulated CXCL10, pro-inflammatory cytokines and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as the downregulated levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and CAT, especially in those at 6 weeks, which were attenuated by the anti-CXCL10 mAb treatment. Moreover, in comparison with the DR mice, mice in the DR + anti-CXCL10 mAb group gained the significant decrease in the number of acellular capillaries of retina, with up-regulations of Claudin-5 and ZO-1 and down-regulations of VEGF and FGF-2. The DR mice injected with anti-CXCL10 mAb demonstrated alleviated retinal pathology as compared to mice at 3 weeks of STZ.
Anti-CXCL10 mAb could mitigate the retinal pathology of DR mice, with the decreased inflammation and oxidative stress, thus mediating a delay in the development or disease improvement in patients of DR.

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Ltd.