Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2017 06 27490(3) 1033-1038 pii 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.06.160
The absence of a specific treatment against DENV has led to intensive research into developing strategies for curing the infection. One lectin with high antiviral activity is scytovirin, which was isolated from the cyanobacterium Scytonema varium and has proven activity against HIV and Zaire Ebola Virus. To achieve the results presented here, we tested the affinity of full-length scytovirin, SD1 and SD2 separately, and six SD1 mutants for DENV glycoprotein E carbohydrate by Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and binding free energy calculations. It was possible to identify the key residues for protein-ligand interaction such as Glu10, Ala11, Pro17, Ans18, Arg30, Thr41, Ser42 and Arg43, which also has importance action against HIV. All binding free energy calculations showed negative values to ΔGbind of protein-DENV carbohydrate complexation. Additionally, these results are similar to the values of scytovirin and HIV gp120 carbohydrate complexation (-32.20 kcal/mol). Furthermore, we found that SD1 individually has more affinity to the carbohydrate and the Asn9, Glu10, Asn18, Arg30 and Arg43 demonstrated an important role in this matter. We also found that mutant G48R has better affinity (-34.10 kcal/mol) for the DENV carbohydrate than the wild type protein (-27.15 kcal/mol).