Virology 2017 10 03512() 194-200 pii 10.1016/j.virol.2017.09.021
The increasing incidence of aciclovir- (ACV) resistant strains in patients with ocular herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections is a major health problem in industrialized countries. In the present study, the humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) hu2c targeting the HSV-1/2 glycoprotein B was examined for its efficacy towards ACV-resistant infections of the eye in the mouse model of acute retinal necrosis (ARN). BALB/c mice were infected by microinjection of an ACV-resistant clinical isolate into the anterior eye chamber to induce ARN and systemically treated with mAb hu2c at 24h prior (pre-exposure prophylaxis) or at 24, 40, and 56h after infection (post-exposure immunotherapy). Mock treated controls and ACV-treated mice showed pronounced retinal damage. Mice treated with mAb hu2c were almost completely protected from developing ARN. In conclusion, mAb hu2c may become a reliable therapeutic option for drug/ACV-resistant ocular HSV infections in humans in order to prevent blindness.