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Antimicrobial susceptibilities of aerobic and facultative gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with urinary tract infections between 2010 and 2014.

Antimicrobial susceptibilities of aerobic and facultative gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with urinary tract infections between 2010 and 2014.
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Yang Q, Zhang H, Wang Y, Xu Z, Zhang G, Chen X, Xu Y, Cao B, Kong H, Ni Y, Yu Y, Sun Z, Hu B, Huang W, Wang Y, Wu A, Feng X, Liao K, Luo Y, Hu Z, Chu Y, Lu J, Su J, Gui B, Duan Q, Zhang S, Shao H, Badal RE,


Yang Q, Zhang H, Wang Y, Xu Z, Zhang G, Chen X, Xu Y, Cao B, Kong H, Ni Y, Yu Y, Sun Z, Hu B, Huang W, Wang Y, Wu A, Feng X, Liao K, Luo Y, Hu Z, Chu Y, Lu J, Su J, Gui B, Duan Q, Zhang S, Shao H, Badal RE, (click to view)

Yang Q, Zhang H, Wang Y, Xu Z, Zhang G, Chen X, Xu Y, Cao B, Kong H, Ni Y, Yu Y, Sun Z, Hu B, Huang W, Wang Y, Wu A, Feng X, Liao K, Luo Y, Hu Z, Chu Y, Lu J, Su J, Gui B, Duan Q, Zhang S, Shao H, Badal RE,

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BMC infectious diseases 2017 03 0617(1) 192 doi 10.1186/s12879-017-2296-x
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution and susceptibility of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with UTIs collected within 48 h (community acquired, CA) or after 48 h (hospital acquired, HA) of hospital admission.

METHODS
From 2010 to 2014, the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 12 antibiotics for 4,332 aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli, sampled in 21 hospitals in 16 cities, were determined by the broth microdilution method.

RESULTS
Enterobacteriaceae composed 88.5% of the total isolates, with Escherichia coli (E. coli) (63.2%) the most commonly isolated species, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) (12.2%). Non-Enterobacteriaceae accounted for only 11.5% of all isolates and included mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) (6.9%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) (3.3%). Among the antimicrobial agents tested, the susceptibility rates of E.coli to the two carbapenems, ertapenem and imipenem as well as amikacin and piperacillin-tazobactam ranged from 92.5 to 98.7%. Against K. pneumonia, the most potent antibiotics were imipenem (92.6% susceptibility), amikacin (89.2% susceptibility) and ertapenem (87.9% susceptibility). Although non-Enterobacteriaceae did not show high susceptibilities to the 12 common antibiotics, amikacin exhibited the highest in vitro activity against P. aeruginosa over the 5-year study period, followed by piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem, ceftazidime, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin. The Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) rates decreased slowly during the 5 years in E. coli from 68.6% in 2010 to 59.1% in 2014, in K. pneumoniae from 59.7 to 49.2%, and in Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis) from 40.0 to 26.1%. However, the ESBL rates were different in 5 regions of China (Northeast, North, East, South and Middle-China).

CONCLUSION
E. coli and K. pneumonia were the major pathogens causing UTIs and carbapenems and amikacin retained the highest susceptibility rates over the 5-year study period, indicating that they are good drug choices for empirical therapies, particularly of CA UTIs in China.

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