BMC cancer 2018 04 0618(1) 396 doi 10.1186/s12885-018-4303-z
Anti-angiogenesis Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been proved to show promising effects on prolonging progression-free survival (PFS) for advanced sarcoma after failure of standard multimodal Therapy. Methylsulfonic apatinib is one of those TKIs which specifically inhibits VEGFR-2. This paper summarizes the experience of three Peking University affiliated hospitals in off-label use of apatinib in the treatment of extensively pre-treated sarcoma.
We retrospectively analysed files of patients with advanced sarcoma not amenable to curative treatment, who were receiving an apatinib-containing regimen between June 1, 2015 and December 1, 2016. Fifty-six patients were included: 22 osteosarcoma, 10 Ewing’s sarcoma, 3 chondrosarcoma and 21 soft tissue sarcoma.
With median follow-up time of 6 months (range, 0.7-18.0 m), thirty-five (62.5%) patients had partial response, and disease was stable in 11 (19.6%). The 4-month and 6-month progression-free survival rates were 46.3 and 36.5%, respectively. The median duration of response was 3.8 months (95% CI 1.9-5.6 m), with much variability among disease subtypes. The median overall survival was 9.9 months (95% CI 7.6-12.2 m). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were observed in 8 (14.3%) patients, the most common being hypertension, pneumothorax, wound-healing problems, anorexia, and rash or desquamation.
Apatinib might be effective, with a high objective response rate, in an off-label study of sarcoma patients with advanced, previously treated disease. The duration of response was consistent with reports in different subtypes of sarcomas. Prospective trials of apatinib in the treatment of selected subtypes of sarcomas are needed.
Retrospectively registered in the Medical Ethics Committee of Peking University People’s Hospital, Peking University Shougang Hospital and Peking University International Hospital. The trial registration number is 2017PHB176-03 and the date of registration is January 20th 2017.