Objectives – Aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common ulcerative lesions in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to report the characteristics of patients with aphthous stomatitis after dental implantation. Patients and Method – The study included 14 patients who were diagnosed with aphthous stomatitis. The subjects were analyzed with the respect to age, sex, patient’s general health status, type, number, location, and duration of the ulcers and the number of dental implants. Results – Of the 14 cases, 64.3% were female and 35.7% were male. The mean age of patients was 57.7. In terms of general health status, 64.3% of patients did not have a remarkable disease; however, 14.3%, 14.3%, and 7.1% of cases had diabetes, hypothyroidism, and cardiac disease, respectively. The majority of the lesions have been presented as minor type (85.7%) and the mean number of the ulcers was 2.5. Labial mucosa has been affected more frequently (71.4%), followed by tongue and floor of the mouth. The most lesions (42.8%) were occurred one day after dental implant surgery. The mean number of dental implants was 3.1. Conclusion – Presence of apthous ulcers should be considered by dentists as a potential postoperative complication of dental implantation.