APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica 2016 8 15() doi 10.1111/apm.12578
APOBEC3B deletion polymorphism has been associated with risk of HIV-1 acquisition and its progression. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association of APOBEC3B ins/del polymorphism with risk of acquisition of HIV-1 and its progression. In the present case-control study, we enrolled a total of 150 HIV-infected individuals and 150 healthy controls. Polymorphism for APOBEC3B gene was genotyped by PCR. APOBEC3B ID, DD genotypes, and D allele were associated with higher risk of acquisition of HIV-1 (p = 0.004, OR = 4.96; p = 0.03, OR = 3.55; and p = 0.004; OR = 1.60). The individuals with ID genotypes and combined genotype ID+DD of APOBEC3B in the presence of tobacco and alcohol showed the higher risk of advancement of HIV disease; however, risk could not reach statistical significance (OR = 1.14, 95% CI: 0.59-2.18; OR = 1.33, 95% CI: 0.83-2.15 and OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 0.77-2.69; OR = 1.50, 95% CI: 0.94-2.40). Individuals in advanced HIV disease stage and ID genotype and combined genotype ID + DD of APOBEC3B were more likely to be associated with advanced HIV disease stage but risk could not reach significant (OR = 1.50, 95% CI: 0.94-2.40; OR = 1.27, 95% CI: 0.88-1.84). Individuals with ID and DD genotype of APOBEC3B had influence on susceptibility to acquisition of HIV-1. This suggests that APOBEC3B deletion may attenuate innate cellular immunity against HIV-1 and thus confer the host persistence for HIV infection.