Ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) and transplantation is an innovative procedure increasingly utilized to help preserve fertility after gonadotoxic treatments especially in cancer patients. Approximately 30% of autotransplanted patients are able to achieve live birth, typically with the help of in-vitro fertilization. Numerous techniques and grafting sites have been described to continue to increase this figure. In the field of plastic surgery, tissue grafting has been successful performed for thousands of years and knowledge in this area has been significantly refined. A qualitative review of the literature using PubMed, Cochrane, SCOPUS and Medline databases was performed to look for articles relating to ovarian tissue transplantation (OTT) and comparisons made to plastic surgery tissue grafting. Many parallels were found between the principles of grafting in plastic surgery and the principles of OTT, including pre-operative patient optimization, suitable donor site selection, tissue harvest and preparation, graft site choice, immobilization of the graft and post-operative care. Consideration of the benefits and risks of using orthotopic versus heterotopic recipient sites is also highly important with regards to graft take, morbidity and ease of access of oocyte collection. We believe that ongoing discussion between disciplines can have the potential to improve knowledge, surgical techniques and patient outcomes.
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