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Aptamer- Based Label-Free Electrochemical Biosensor Array for the Detection of Total and Glycated Hemoglobin in Human Whole Blood.

Aptamer- Based Label-Free Electrochemical Biosensor Array for the Detection of Total and Glycated Hemoglobin in Human Whole Blood.
Author Information (click to view)

Eissa S, Zourob M,


Eissa S, Zourob M, (click to view)

Eissa S, Zourob M,

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Scientific reports 2017 04 217(1) 1016 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-01226-0
Abstract

The increase of the level of glucose in blood leads to an increase in the fraction of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Therefore, the percentage of HbA1c in the blood can serve as a marker for the average glucose level over the past three months and thus, it can be used to diagnose diabetes. Here, we report the selection, identification and characterization of specific DNA aptamers against HbA1c- and total hemoglobin (tHb) and their integration into an electrochemical array sensing platform. High affinity and specificity aptamers were selected in vitro showing dissociation constants of 2.8 and 2.7 nM for HbA1c and tHb, respectively. Thiol-modified forms of the aptamers were then immobilised on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-modified array electrodes and used for the label-free detection of HbA1c and tHb using square wave voltammetry. The voltammetric aptasensors showed high sensitivity with detection limits of 0.2 and 0.34 ng/ml for HbA1c and tHb, respectively. This array platform is superior to the currently available immunoassays in terms of simplicity, stability, ease of use, reduction of sample volume and low cost. Moreover, this method enabled the detection of HbA1c % in human whole blood without any pre-treatment, suggesting great promise of this platform for the diagnosis of diabetes.

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