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Area of residual tumor is a robust prognostic marker for patients with rectal cancer undergoing preoperative therapy.

Area of residual tumor is a robust prognostic marker for patients with rectal cancer undergoing preoperative therapy.
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Sakuyama N, Kojima M, Kawano S, Matsuda Y, Mino-Kenudson M, Ochiai A, Ito M,


Sakuyama N, Kojima M, Kawano S, Matsuda Y, Mino-Kenudson M, Ochiai A, Ito M, (click to view)

Sakuyama N, Kojima M, Kawano S, Matsuda Y, Mino-Kenudson M, Ochiai A, Ito M,

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Cancer science 2018 02 01() doi 10.1111/cas.13521
Abstract

The aim of this study was to elucidate differences in the histological features of rectal cancer between patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy and those treated with preoperative chemotherapy. Area of residual tumor (ART) was also evaluated for its utility as a potential prognostic marker between them. Sixty-eight patients with rectal cancer who underwent sphincter-saving surgery were enrolled in this study. Of these, 39 patients received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT group) and 29 patients received preoperative (neoadjuvant) chemotherapy (NAC group). ART was determined by using morphometric software. Tumors in the two groups were compared for differences in their histological features and clinical outcomes. Tumors in the CRT and NAC groups varied greatly with regard to their histological features after preoperative therapy. Tumors in the CRT group showed more marked fibrosis than those in the NAC group. The total ART (T-ART) were significantly smaller in tumors in the CRT group than those in the NAC group. On the other hand, in circumferential resection margin (CRM)-negative pathologic stage (ypStage) 0-III cases, clinical outcome were not statistically different between the CRT and NAC groups. ART and ypTNM classification, but not Dworak regression grade and fibrotic change, was associated with clinical outcome both in preoperative CRT and NAC groups. Tumors in those undergoing preoperative CRT and NAC were shown to differ significantly in their histological features. ART-based assessment may provide useful prognostic information, regardless of preoperative therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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