Living kidney donation represents the optimal renal replacement therapy, but recent data suggest an increased long-term renal risk for the donor. Here, we evaluated the risk for reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), death, and major cardiovascular events such as nonfatal myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular event including TIA (transient ischemic attack) and stroke in 225 donors, who underwent pre-donation examinations and live donor nephrectomy between 1985 and 2014 at our center. The median follow-up time was 8.7 years (1.0-29.1). In multivariate analysis, age and arterial hypertension at baseline were significantly associated with a higher risk of adverse renal outcomes, such as (1) eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m (age per year: HR (hazard ratio) 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.08, hypertension: HR 2.25, 95% CI 1.22-3.98), (2) eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m and a decrease of ≥40% from baseline (age: HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13, hypertension: HR 4.22, 95% CI 1.72-10.36), and (3) eGFR <45 mL/min/1.73 m (age: HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.05-1.20, hypertension: HR 5.06, 95% CI 1.49-17.22). In addition, eGFR at time of donation (per mL/min/1.73 m) was associated with a lower risk of (1) eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m (HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.97-1.00) and (2) eGFR <45 mL/min/1.73 m (HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.90-1.00). Age was the only significant predictor for death or major cardiovascular event (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.16). In conclusion, arterial hypertension, lower eGFR, and age at the time of donation are strong predictors for adverse renal outcomes in living kidney donors.
Effectiveness of Direct-Acting Antivirals for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in Rwanda: A retrospective study.
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- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.