Survival is significantly improved by calendar period among patients diagnosed after 2004 and treated in the era of advanced therapies. Females and younger patients had a higher probability of long term survival. The survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients has progressively improved after the approval of new targeted therapy for first-line treatment and relapsed disease.

Data were extracted from SEER*Stat for all patients 15 years or older with a primary diagnosis of CLL with or without subsequent cancers. A period analysis was performed to estimate the 5- and 10-year relative survival rates for patients diagnosed (dx) during different calendar periods, based on gender, and age at time of diagnosis.

For males, the 5-year age-adjusted relative survival rate improved progressively from 72.0% (dx 1985-1989) to 88.2% (dx 2010-2014); for females, from 76.8% (dx 1985-1989) to 90.8% (dx 2010-2014). The corresponding 10-year age-adjusted relative survival rates were 47.3% (dx 1985-1989) and 72.5% (dx 2005-2009) for males; and 58.2% (dx 1985-1989) and 78.7% (dx 2005-2009) for females.