During COVID-19 pandemic, the absence of immunity in the population left them susceptible to infection with SARS-CoV-2; healthcare workers (HCWs) being in the highest risk group. This study intends to assess and follow up the humoral immunity in HCWs vaccinated with an inactive virus vaccine (CoronaVac).
This is a prospective observational study.
A total of 1072 HCWs were investigated for the presence of immunoglobulin G antibodies to the receptor-binding domain of the S1 subunit of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 after vaccination. Blood samples were obtained after 28 days of the first dose, 21 days of the second dose, and 3 months after the second dose. Detection of antispike antibodies was performed by the chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay method (SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant, Abbott, Ireland). The results greater than or equal to the cutoff value of 50.0 AU/mL were reported as positive.
Four weeks after the first dose of vaccine, antispike antibodies were detected in 834/1072 (77.8%) of HCWs. Seropositivity was higher among females (84.6%) than males (70.6% p < 0.001) and was found to be highest in both women and men between the ages of 18-34 years. Antispike antibodies were detected in 1008 of 1012 (99.6%) after 21 days of the second dose and in 803 of 836 (96.1%) after 3 months of the second dose.
CoronaVac was found to be highly immunogenic after two consecutive doses performed 28 days apart to HCWs; however, the immunogenicity declined significantly (p < 0.001) after 3 months following the second dose of vaccine.

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