Metal artifacts limit computational fluid dynamics analysis after coil embolization. Silent magnetic resonance angiography reduces metal artifacts and improves visualization of the residual cavity of coil-embolized aneurysms. This study investigated the flow dynamics of the residual cavity after coil embolization using silent magnetic resonance angiography and computational fluid dynamics to elucidate the hemodynamic characteristics of recanalization.
Twenty internal carotid-posterior communicating aneurysm cases treated with coil embolization and without stent assistance were followed up (mean±standard deviation, 13.0±6.1 months) and assessed using silent magnetic resonance angiography. The hemodynamic characteristics of the residual cavities in both types of aneurysms were compared between neck remnants, which persisted for >12 months (NR group), and those treated with coil compaction-induced body filling (BF group). Computational fluid dynamics analysis of each aneurysm was performed using morphological data obtained from silent magnetic resonance angiography. Pressure, pressure difference, normalized wall shear stress, and flow velocity were measured.
The residual cavity was well-visualized using silent magnetic resonance angiography and compared with those imaged using conventional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography, and eight internal carotid-posterior communicating aneurysms with neck remnants and body filling were investigated. The maximum pressure area was localized to the aneurysm wall in the NR group (n=4) and to sides of the coil surface in the BF group (n=4). No significant differences were observed for each hemodynamic parameter.
Combination of silent magnetic resonance angiography and computational fluid dynamics helps to understand the hemodynamic characteristics of residual cavity in coil- embolized aneurysms. The flow-impingement zone at the coil surface (maximum pressure area) may influence the risk for future coil compaction.
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