PloS one 2017 04 2812(4) e0176557 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0176557
Individuals with HIV are at increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). Early detection of subclinical CAD by assessment of coronary artery calcium (CAC) may help risk stratify and prevent CAD events in these individuals. However, the current standard to quantify CAC i.e. Agatston scoring requires EKG-gated cardiac CT imaging.
To determine if the assessment of CAC using non-EKG-gated chest CT and the Weston scoring system is a useful surrogate for Agatston scores in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals.
METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS
CAC was assessed by both the Weston and Agatston score in 108 men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.
Participants were 55.2 (IQR 50.4; 59.9) years old and 62 (57.4%) were seropositive for HIV. Inter-observer agreement (rs = 0.94, κ = 90.0%, p<0.001, n = 21) and intra-observer agreement (rs = 0.95, κ = 95.2%, p<0.001, n = 97) for category of Weston score were excellent. Weston scores were associated with similar CAD risk factors as Agatston scores (age, race, HDL cholesterol level, all p<0.05) in our cohort. There was excellent correlation (rs = 0.92, p<0.001) and agreement (κw = 0.77, p<0.001) between Weston and Agatston scores. CONCLUSIONS
This study is the first to examine calcium scoring using chest CT in HIV-infected individuals and to independently validate the Weston score as a surrogate for the Agatston score. In clinical or research settings where EKG-gated cardiac CT is not feasible for the assessment of coronary calcium, Weston scoring by using chest CT should be considered.