To assess diagnostic criteria and currently used tools for the identification of central sensitization (CS) in patients with joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA).Qualitative, cross-sectional and multicenter study based on a 2-round Delphi surveyPublic and private medical centers attending patients with joint pain.A total of 113 specialists in traumatology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, pain management, rheumatology, primary care physicians and geriatrics were enrolled in the study.Participants completed an ad-hoc 26-item questionnaire available from a microsite in Internet.The questionnaire was divided into 6 sections with general data on CS, impact of CS in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), diagnostic criteria for CS, non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of CS and usefulness of the concept of CS in the integral management of patients with KOA. Consensus was defined as 75% agreement.Diagnostic criteria included pain of disproportionate intensity to the radiological joint lesion (agreement 86.7%), poor response to usual analgesics (85.8%), progression of pain outside the site of the lesion (76.1%) and concurrent anxiety and depression (76.1%). Based on the opinion of the specialists, about 61% of patients with KOA present moderate-to-severe pain, 50% of them show poor response to conventional analgesics, and 40% poor clinical-radiological correlation. Patients with KOA and CS showed higher functional disability and impairment of quality of life than those without CS (88.5%) and have a poor prognosis of medical, rehabilitation and surgical treatment (86.7%). Early diagnosis and treatment of CS may preserve function and quality of life during all steps of the disease (90.3%).The management of patients with osteoarthritis pain and CS requires the consideration of the intensity of pain related to the joint lesion, response to analgesics, progression of pain to other areas and concurrent anxiety and depression to establish an adequate therapeutic approach based on diagnostic criteria of CS.
Copyright © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.