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Assessment of interaction between maternal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure and genetic polymorphisms on the risk of congenital heart diseases.

Assessment of interaction between maternal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure and genetic polymorphisms on the risk of congenital heart diseases.
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Li N, Mu Y, Liu Z, Deng Y, Guo Y, Zhang X, Li X, Yu P, Wang Y, Zhu J,


Li N, Mu Y, Liu Z, Deng Y, Guo Y, Zhang X, Li X, Yu P, Wang Y, Zhu J, (click to view)

Li N, Mu Y, Liu Z, Deng Y, Guo Y, Zhang X, Li X, Yu P, Wang Y, Zhu J,

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Scientific reports 2018 02 158(1) 3075 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-21380-3
Abstract

The major causes of congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are the interactions of genetic and environmental factors. We conducted a case-control study in 357 mothers of CHDs fetuses and 270 control mothers to investigate the association of maternal PAHs exposure, AHR, CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1 and CYP2E polymorphisms, the interaction between PAHs exposure and genetic variants with the risk of CHDs. The higher level PAHs exposure was associated with the risk of CHDs (aOR = 2.029, 95% CI: 1.266, 3.251) or subtypes. The haplotypes of AHR or CYP1A2 were associated with the risk of CHDs: AHR: C-G-A-C: aOR = 0.765; T-A-G-A: aOR = 1.33; CYP1A2: A-T:aOR = 1.75; C-C: aOR = 0.706. When exposed to higher level PAHs, the risk of CHDs among the mothers carrying rs2158041 "C/T or T/T" genotype or rs7811989 "G/A or A/A" genotype in AHR was 1.724 (χ = 7.209, P = 0.007) or 1.735 (χ = 7.364, P = 0.007) times greater than the aOR in the mothers carrying wild genotype. The multiplicative-scale interactions between PAHs exposure and polymorphisms of CYP1A2 rs4646425 (P = 0.03) or CYP2E1 rs915908 (P = 0.0238) on the risk of CHDs were observed. Our study suggests that maternal AHR polymorphisms may modify the association of PAHs exposure with CHDs, CYP1A2 or CYP2E1 polymorphisms significantly interact with PAHs exposure on CHDs.

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