HIV medicine 2017 05 24() doi 10.1111/hiv.12519
We aimed to assess mode of delivery and predictors of emergency caesarean section (EmCS) in women living with HIV (WLWH) in a matched-pair setting with women from the general population (WGP) in Denmark. Further, we analysed birth plan in WLWH.
All WLWH giving birth to live-born children from 2002 to 2014 were included in the study. Data were retrieved from medical records and national registries. WLWH were matched 1:5 by age, birth year, parity and ethnicity to WGP. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate predictors.
We included 389 WLWH and 1945 WGP in the study. At delivery, all WLWH were on antiretroviral therapy and 85.6% had HIV RNA <40 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL. Mean age was 32.7 years [95% confidence interval (CI) 32.1-33.2 years]. Mode of delivery differed significantly between WLWH and WGP [vaginal delivery, 33.4% versus 73.3%, respectively; elective caesarean section (ECS), 40.6% versus 9.7%, respectively; EmCS, 26% versus 17%, respectively; P < 0.0001]. Age > 40 years [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.3; 95% CI 1.5-3.5], asphyxia (aOR 3.2; 95% CI 2.4-4.1), delivery during the evening and at night [aOR 2.3 (95% CI 1.7-3.0) and aOR 2.0 (95% CI 1.5-2.7), respectively], preterm delivery (aOR 3.8; 95% CI 2.6-5.6) and premature rupture of membranes (aOR 3.0; 95% CI 2.1-4.4) predicted EmCS. WLWH had a higher risk of EmCS compared with WGP [2002-2006, aOR 2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.3); 2007-2008, aOR 2.9 (95% CI 1.4-5.9); 2009-2014, aOR 2.6 (95% CI 1.7-3.9)]. After 2007, more than half of WLWH planned to deliver vaginally. Prior caesarean section was associated with ECS (aOR 11.0; 95% CI 4.5-26.8). No mother-to-child transmission occurred.
Increasing numbers of WLWH deliver vaginally. Despite virological suppression, more WLWH plan and deliver by ECS than WGP. WLWH had a twofold higher risk of EmCS compared with WGP.