To evaluate systems and services for management of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy.
The National Program for Blindness Control conducted a nationwide descriptive study from 1 February to 31 October 2016. Data was collected using WHO’s:”Tool Assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetes Management Systems” adapted to the context. Using direct interviews, all previously identified stakeholders, were involved from all levels of management and throughout the territory. The IBM version 20 software permitted analysis.
Out of the 48 individuals selected, 46 agreed to participate in the survey. Four participants (8.7%) worked at the central level of the Ministry of Public Health, 2 (4.4%) were NGOs partners, 6 (13%) diabetic patients, and 34 (73.9%) health staff. According to the answers of participants, diabetes stands among priorities in the national health policy. Diabetic care services have been integrated into the National action plan for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases, but a specific program for control of diabetes has not been created neither are national guidelines recommended by the Ministry available. Some health facilities provide care for diabetes and its complications. Modern technologies for evaluation and follow-up of diabetes of its complications are available only in tertiary level hospitals and in some private clinics. The cost of care obtained is the responsibility of the patients and families.
The political will to manage diabetes and diabetic retinopathy is recognized by stakeholders and beneficiaries but not translated into an effective program. A suitable implementation strategy is necessary.