The association between Interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with inflammatory arthritis were inconsistent among previous studies. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the association between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
We searched Medline up to August 2019. The summary Odds Ratio (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to evaluate the relationship between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with genetic susceptibility of AS, OA and RA.
A total of 19 studies with 5298 cases and 5675 healthy controls were included. There were significant associations between rs2275913 G allele with OA, RA susceptibility (P < .05) but not AS. Subgroup analysis by ethnicity indicated that rs763780 C allele was closely related to AS and OA in Caucasian populations (P < .001) but not Mongolians. A significant association between rs763780 and RA susceptibility was detected in Caucasian populations (P < .05).
IL-17F gene rs763780 C allele confers increased risk of inflammatory arthritis in Caucasians; IL-17A gene rs2275913 G allele are protective for OA susceptibility in Mongolians. More well-designed studies with larger sample size are needed to elucidate the role of IL-17A gene rs2275913 G allele in inflammatory arthritis, especially AS.

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