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Association between Indices of Body Composition and Abnormal Metabolic Phenotype in Normal-Weight Chinese Adults.

Association between Indices of Body Composition and Abnormal Metabolic Phenotype in Normal-Weight Chinese Adults.
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Xia L, Dong F, Gong H, Xu G, Wang K, Liu F, Pan L, Zhang L, Yan Y, Gaisano H, He Y, Shan G,


Xia L, Dong F, Gong H, Xu G, Wang K, Liu F, Pan L, Zhang L, Yan Y, Gaisano H, He Y, Shan G, (click to view)

Xia L, Dong F, Gong H, Xu G, Wang K, Liu F, Pan L, Zhang L, Yan Y, Gaisano H, He Y, Shan G,

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International journal of environmental research and public health 2017 04 0714(4) pii E391
Abstract

We aimed to determine the association of indices of body composition with abnormal metabolic phenotype, and to examine whether the strength of association was differentially distributed in different age groups in normal-weight Chinese adults. A total of 3015 normal-weight adults from a survey of Chinese people encompassing health and basic physiological parameters was included in this cross-sectional study. We investigated the association of body composition measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis and conventional body indices with metabolically unhealthy normal-weight (MUHNW) adults, divided by age groups and gender. Associations were assessed by multiple logistic regression analysis. We found abnormal metabolism in lean Chinese adults to be associated with higher adiposity indices (body mass index, BMI), waist circumference, and percentage body fat), lower skeletal muscle %, and body water %. Body composition was differentially distributed in age groups within the metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW)/MUHNW groups. The impact of factors related to MUHNW shows a decreasing trend with advancing age in females and disparities of factors (BMI, body fat %, skeletal muscle %, and body water %) associated with the MUHNW phenotype in the elderly was noticed. Those factors remained unchanged in males throughout the age range, while the association of BMI, body fat %, skeletal muscle %, and body water % to MUHNW attenuated and grip strength emerged as a protective factor in elderly females. These results suggest that increased adiposity and decreased skeletal muscle mass are associated with unfavorable metabolic traits in normal-weight Chinese adults, and that MUHNW is independent of BMI, while increased waist circumference appears to be indicative of an abnormal metabolic phenotype in elderly females.

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