No consistent results have been reached on the relationship of interleukin-1 (IL-1) rs1800587 polymorphism with the susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) so far. Therefore, the current meta-analysis was designed to thoroughly review relevant studies, in order to examine the relationship of IL-1A rs1800587 polymorphism with RA risk. Electronic databases were retrieved for literature regarding the relationship between IL-1A rs1800587 polymorphism and RA vulnerability according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Stata 12.0 software was adopted to examine the enrolled literature. Meanwhile, odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to evaluate the association. A total of seven case-control researches (3267 patients and 2960 healthy controls) were eventually enrolled into the current meta-analysis. Our data indicated no correlation of IL-1A rs1800587 polymorphism with RA risk (TT vs CC: OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.73-1.11; TC vs CC: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.78-1.34; Dominant model: OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.80-1.35; Recessive model: OR = 1.91, 95% CI = 0.74-1.12). Similarly, no association was found in subgroup analysis stratified by ethnicity. Our findings indicated no relationship between IL-1A rs1800587 polymorphism and RA vulnerability.