Osteoporosis, the most prevalent bone disorder in humans, is a global public health issue and its relationship with menopause is well-established. The interaction between menopause and genes on osteoporosis risk is, however, yet to be fully elucidated. We assessed the association between menopause and osteoporosis in relation to the SOX6 rs297325 variant in Taiwanese women.
There were 7,581 female participants, aged 30 to 70 years old. Information on SOX6 rs297325 and menopause were obtained from the Taiwan Biobank Database while that on osteoporosis was obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database.
Menopause but not SOX6 rs297325 was significantly associated with a higher risk of osteoporosis (odds ratio [OR] = 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-2.10). The interaction between menopause and rs297325 on osteoporosis was significant (P = 0.0216). After stratification by rs297325 genotypes, the risk of osteoporosis was significantly higher in menopausal women having the TT + CC genotype (OR = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.21-3.38). After stratification by menopausal status and rs297325 genotypes, the OR; 95% CI was 0.62; 0.38 to 0.99 in premenopausal women with the TC + CC genotype and 1.24; 0.82 to 1.88 in menopausal women with the TC + CC genotype.
SOX6 rs297325 was not significantly associated with osteoporosis but might have modulated the association between menopause and osteoporosis. The risk of osteoporosis was higher in menopausal women with the TC + CC genotype but lower in premenopausal women with the TC + CC genotype.