Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) 2017 05 04() doi 10.1093/pm/pnx102
Despite the widespread use of opioids for the treatment of cancer pain, results from several surveys consistently show that pain is still prevalent in some patients with malignant diseases. The purinergic P2Y12 receptor is a primary site leading to microglial activation and hyperalgesic pain behaviors and is considered a key regulator in the prevention of the aggravation of clinical pain conditions. Genetic variability in the P2RY12 gene may contribute to individual differences in pain and opioid sensitivity.
We genotyped 31 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) throughout the P2RY12 gene and compared genotypes against pain measurements and opioid requirements in Japanese cancer pain patients (N = 90). The most promising SNP association with pain severity was validated by genotyping an additional postoperative pain patient cohort (N = 355).
Five SNPs (rs3732765, rs9859538, rs17283010, rs11713504, and rs10935840) of the P2RY12 gene were significantly associated with cancer pain severity, although opioid requirements were comparable in each genotype of the five SNPs. The alleles of these SNPs represented one absolute linkage disequilibrium block of the P2RY12 gene. In the second association study of postoperative pain, subjects carrying the minor T allele of the rs3732765 SNP demonstrated more intense 24-hour postoperative pain compared with subjects not carrying this allele although total 24-hour postoperative opioid consumptions based on weight were comparable.
Polymorphisms of the P2RY12 gene may predict individual differences in both cancer and postoperative pain severity; this might be caused by functional alteration of nociceptive neurons through neuron-glia interaction.