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Association Between Vitamin D Status and Schizophrenia: A First Psychotic Episode Study.

Association Between Vitamin D Status and Schizophrenia: A First Psychotic Episode Study.
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Salavert J, Grados D, Ramiro N, Carrión MI, Fadeuilhe C, Palma F, López L, Erra A, Ramírez N,


Salavert J, Grados D, Ramiro N, Carrión MI, Fadeuilhe C, Palma F, López L, Erra A, Ramírez N, (click to view)

Salavert J, Grados D, Ramiro N, Carrión MI, Fadeuilhe C, Palma F, López L, Erra A, Ramírez N,

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The Journal of nervous and mental disease 205(5) 409-412 doi 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000670
Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with schizophrenia. We aimed to determine whether patients with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) had lower vitamin D levels compared with controls considering their final diagnosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study determining 25-hydroxyvitamin D blood levels. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels were considered optimum at 20 ng/mL or greater. A group of 45 adult patients with FEP and a group of 22 healthy controls matched for age were recruited. The patient group was subdivided in two final diagnosis groups (schizophrenia versus other psychoses) after a 6-month follow-up. Average vitamin D values were deficient for FEP patients, especially those 22 with a final diagnosis of schizophrenia. These results relating vitamin D and schizophrenia generate interest to further examine this association.

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