This study states that Intentional weight loss is associated with lower risk of heart failure (HF) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease among patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the contribution of baseline measures and longitudinal changes in fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM), and waist circumference (WC) to the risk of HF and myocardial infarction (MI) in type 2 diabetes is not well established. Adults from the Look AHEAD trial (Action for Health in Diabetes) without prevalent HF were included. FM and LM were predicted using validated equations and compared with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measurements in a subgroup. Predicted and measured FM/LM were highly correlated (R2=0.87–0.90; n=1369). FM and LM decreased over 4-year follow-up with greater declines in the intensive lifestyle intervention arm. In adjusted analysis, baseline body composition measures were not significantly associated with HF risk. In contrast, decline in WC was significantly associated with lower risk of HF with preserved EF but not HF with reduced EF. Similar patterns of association were observed for 4-year changes in body composition and HF risk. Longitudinal changes in body composition were not significantly associated with risk of MI.

Reference link-